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Ceramic or Porcelain: Which one’s the best?

  • Flooring
Aug 24, 2022
Ceramic tiles for your interior design - Beautiful Homes

Ceramic and Porcelain tiles might appear to look like two peas in a pod, however they are two different materials that follow a different manufacturing process

Ceramic tiles and porcelain tiles are hugely popular with homeowners. If you are a homeowner trying to renovate your space or are looking at buying or designing a new house, then you should look at these clay-based tiles for their durability and affordability. The difference between porcelain and ceramic, however minute, can be pretty damn instrumental. If you're someone who is trying to decide between the two types of tiles, it is very important for you to know the difference between ceramic and porcelain. Let’s have a look at both of these (ceramic design and porcelain design) in detail to solve your porcelain vs. ceramic question once and for all.



What is a Ceramic Tile?

Ceramic tiles are essentially thin slabs made up of clay, water and some other inorganic materials. Clay used to construct ceramic tiles is hardened at high temperatures in a kiln - which is basically an oven that can sustain and withstand thousands of degrees of heat. A ceramic tile is usually coated with some glaze. Ceramic tiles are best known for their durability and relatively low prices. Ceramic design with tiles is a highly sought after method of interior decoration.

What is a Porcelain Tile?

Technically speaking, porcelain is a type of ceramic. However, porcelain is crafted from a higher grade of clay and is treated and constructed at relatively higher temperatures than ceramic. Thus, a porcelain tile is much harder and relatively denser than a ceramic tile. Porcelain is also noticeably less porous and significantly more durable than ceramic.

Porcelain tiles for your interior design - Beautiful Homes
Ceramic or porcelain tiles for your kitchen interiors - Beautiful Homes

Types of Ceramic and Porcelain Tiles

Ceramic and Porcelain tiles are available in a variety of types and forms. The difference between porcelain and ceramic is not noticeable right off the bat. To gauge the difference between porcelain and ceramic, you have to be sort of an expert. Porcelain tiles price and ceramic tiles price also vary based on a lot of factors. They are used based on the specific requirements as there are different use cases for both types of tiles. The ceramic tile and porcelain tiles are built to serve different purposes. Most tiles are classified according to their strength. One gauge of strength is the thickness of the tile. Other factors are the composition, the temperature and duration of firing on the kiln, etc. To help you understand the different types of ceramics and porcelain, refer to the distinguishing factors i.e. hardness ratings below. The scale of hardness is called the PEI scale.

PE Class 0 - No Foot Traffic

This type of tile is only suitable for walls. This class of tile should not be installed on floors as they are not as hard and weight-bearing as the other types.


PE Class 1 - Light Foot Traffic

This type of porcelain or ceramic tile works best in areas where wear and tear are pretty less, like a guest bathroom.

Ceramic or porcelain tiles for your guest bathroom design - Beautiful Homes
Different types of ceramic & porcelain tiles for your interiors - Beautiful Homes

PE Class 2 - Medium Foot Traffic

These types of ceramic and porcelain tiles are specifically designed to be used in areas like the interiors of a house. Class 2 tiles are particularly designed for areas where there is light abrasion. Class 2 tiles are not approved for kitchens or stairwells.


PE Class 3 - Medium to Heavy Foot Traffic

Class 3 tiles are built to be used anywhere inside a home, including kitchens, bathrooms, bedrooms etc.


PE Class 4 - Heavy Foot Traffic

This class of porcelain tile or ceramic tile is used in light to medium commercial areas. This could mean small hotels, resorts etc.


PE Class 5 - Extra Heavy Foot Traffic

This type of ceramic tile or tiles porcelain can be used anywhere. They are mostly found in stores and commercial spaces like malls etc. These tiles are designed to withstand extremely heavy loads of foot traffic. 

There are many differences between porcelain and ceramic. Here are the key distinguishing factors between ceramic tiles and porcelain tiles:



Ceramic Tiles

Porcelain Tiles


Made of coarse clay

Made of high-grade fine kaolin clay





Ceramic tiles price is relatively cheaper. Around ₹30 to ₹65 per square foot

Porcelain tiles price is pretty expensive. Around ₹65 to ₹70 per square foot on average


Often available in a solid colour

Tiles porcelain are available in various colours, designs, patterns and textures.

Heat resistance

Highly resistant to heat

Highly resistant to heat

Foot Traffic suitability

Suitable for low foot traffic areas

Porcelain floor tiles are suitable for high foot traffic areas

Water Absorption

More susceptible to moisture. Water absorption starts from 0.5%


Relatively more impervious to water and moisture. Water absorption is less than or equal to 0.5%


Low maintenance. Can be cleaned with a damp cloth or mop. A mild soap solution can help with these.

Low maintenance. Tiles porcelain can be cleaned with a damp cloth or mop. A mild soap solution can help with tiles porcelain as well.

Ease of Cutting

Simple. Does not require an exceptional skill set or special tools.

Complex. Porcelain often requires an experienced tile-setter for installation and cutting.


Prone to breaking - chipping and cracking

Porcelain floor tiles are harder and long-lasting


Let’s now have a look at the advantages and disadvantages of Ceramic and Porcelain tiles.


Advantages and Disadvantages of Ceramic Tiles




Highly durable, long-lasting material.

Not very suitable for areas with heavy foot traffic

Heat- resistant

Can get pretty cold. Thermoregulation may not be high

Water and stain-resistant


Unglazed tiles look very natural

Prone to chipping and breaking

Low maintenance

Not moisture resistant. Requires periodic sealing to prevent moisture absorption.



Advantages and Disadvantages of Porcelain Tiles




Available in a variety of designs and textures

Pretty expensive

Highly durable

Heavy and brittle. This makes installation very tricky.

Highly heat and water resistant

Porcelain has a tendency to get slippery


High cost of installation. Specialized tools are required.

Low maintenance



Ceramic vs. Porcelain tile: How to Distinguish?

The easiest and most ideal way of checking whether a tile is a porcelain or a ceramic is to check the packaging. The packaging usually indicates whether a tile is a porcelain or ceramic. There are also a few litmus test level approaches to distinguish between the two.


  • Textured porcelain tiles are denser, and are hence heavier than ceramic tiles.


  • Typically, porcelain tiles have a smoother finish and texture than ceramic ones. Ceramic tiles feel relatively coarse in feel.
Uses of ceramic & porcelain tiles for your home interiors - Beautiful Homes
  • Porcelain flooring tiles have a consistent colour. Ceramic tile flooring can have multiple colours under the glazed surface.


At Asian Paints Beautiful Homes, we understand how significant it is to build each corner of your home. You simply need to let us know about the sort of interior design you are looking for, and we will assist you in transforming your vision into reality by fine-tuning your ideas. Whether you want to create more aesthetic appeal or align the vibe of your space with existing structures or play with colour combinations - we will be able to meet your needs well. We also help with specific furnishings such as porcelain tiles vs. ceramic tiles and can guide you through the whole process of selecting or renewing one. We happen to be experts in ceramic flooring and porcelain flooring styles and have designed scores of customized interiors keeping the porcelain and ceramic difference in mind. We also provide specific help with ceramic wall tiles.


Our approaches to modern interior design ideas come in a wide range. At Beautiful Homes, we provide a large selection of products and services to cater to your interior design and décor needs. We've got it all, from furniture to wall treatments, lighting to wood solutions. Our design professionals are well-versed in all styles of interior design and ceramic design ideas. Our interior designs are splendid yet functional enough to create an elegant environment and make your experience memorable. From the right furnishings and materials in diverse colours to a variety of options and accessories for your home—find what you’re looking for, and get your house design just right.


Our Beautiful Homes Service Advantage includes:

  1. Interior design experts
  2. Personalized service
  3. State-of-the-art 3D visualization
  4. End-to-end service
  5. Project management
  6. Signature walls
  7. Porcelain Flooring
  8. Porcelain ceramic
  9. Ceramic tile flooring


Our current home décor & furnishing stores are spread across Amritsar, Tumakuru, Raipur, Jaipur, New Delhi, Kochi, Karur, Coimbatore, Bengaluru, and Nashik. In addition, we are in the process of opening up state-of-the-art stores across several more cities in India. Visit our website to check out the various options we offer. You can also have a look at the projects executed by us so far - what you see is what you get in terms of quality and value. You may book a 3D consultation call with us to understand the project's process, design, and execution, or walk into our stores across India to know more about our offerings. With our interior design services, you will get custom solutions and an experience that is tailored to your specific needs.

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