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Indian patent stone flooring: All you need to know

  • Home Renovation
Apr 06, 2023
IPS flooring for your Indian home - Beautiful Homes

Everything you need to know about IPS flooring is now in one place. Read on to find out if it is the right fit for your home

Material selection while designing your house can often lead to conundrums, especially with so many options available in the market. You’d want to create a space that not only is visually appealing but stands the test of time. A crucial part of a home with a strong foundation is flooring; one that is the perfect blend of strength, affordability, and design flexibility.


IPS or Indian Patent Stone flooring, a popular choice for residential and commercial spaces due to its durability, versatility, and aesthetic appeal, checks all of these boxes. In this article, we breakdown everything you need to know about IPS flooring, from its makeup, installation process, to pros and cons, uses, rates, and maintenance tips. Additionally, we'll address frequently asked questions to help you make an informed decision.


What is IPS Flooring?

IPS flooring, also known as Indian Patent Stone flooring, is a type of flooring material made by blending cement, sand, stone aggregates in the ratio 1:1.5:3. This composition forms a dense, sturdy surface that is resistant to wear and tear. IPS concrete flooring is laid over a layer of PCC (Plain cement concrete) for a strong foundation that prevents moisture/water absorption that can potentially damage the IPS finish floors.


Of various types of flooring, IPS flooring is one that is widely used in both residential and commercial applications due to its cost-effectiveness and longevity. To provide a larger variety of coloured IPS flooring, manufacturers add metal oxides to the mixture. So apart from the grey and white from the cement, you can get customised coloured IPS flooring like red, yellow and more.

What is the Thickness of IPS Flooring?

IPS flooring is available in various thicknesses. The thickness selection depends on factors such as the application, foot traffic, and load-bearing requirements of the space. Thicker IPS flooring is generally preferred for heavy-duty areas with high footfall, while thinner options are suitable for lighter use. In residential projects, 25mm to 50mm thickness works well.

Indian patent stone flooring - Beautiful Homes
IPS floor to enhance your interior design - Beautiful Homes

How to Install IPS Floors:

Installation of IPS concrete flooring is a multistep, labour-intensive process which contributes to the overall IPS flooring cost. Here are all the major steps involved:


1. Step 1: Surface Preparation:

 Ensure that the subfloor is clean, level, and free of any debris. Repair any cracks or imperfections in the subfloor.


2. Step 2: Markings for Consistency:

Once you’ve chosen the desired thickness, to maintain consistency5 and to account for any required sloping, make markings, every 1 to 2 metres, on the wall for reference.


3. Step 3: Set the Level:

Pour dummy concrete holes every 2 to 3 sq. m. on the prepared surface to ensure level consistency.


4. Step 4: Pouring the Mixture:

 Once the dummy holes have completely settled, pour the mixture for the flooring. Ensure to do it in panels to avoid any cracks from shrinkage later. Ideally, for residential use the size of the panel shouldn’t exceed 3 sq. m and in industrial space, it shouldn’t exceed 2 sq. m.

5. Step 5: Evening it:

For smooth IPS floor finish, level out the poured mixture with a trowel or a wooden float. The last bit of levelling should be done before the mixture starts hardening.


6. Step 6: A glossy Touch:

For a glossy IPS floor finish, a thin 2-3 mm layer of cement punny is applied.


7. Step 7: Curing:

Allow the IPS flooring to cure for the recommended time, which is typically around 15 days. In the meantime, cover the IPS cement flooring with wet Hessian cloth to avoid any excessive seepage of water/moisture that can damage the concrete bonds.


8. Step 8: Vacuum Dewatering:

Remove all the excess water with vacuum dewatering to ensure a smoother finish and harder flooring.


9. Step 9: Sealing:

You can also seal the IPS cement flooring with wax to maintain its colour and mitigate damage from moisture and wear.

Coloured IPS flooring for a vibrant home - Beautiful Homes

What are the Pros & Cons of IPS Flooring?

Pros of IPS Flooring

  1. Durability: IPS flooring is highly durable and can withstand heavy foot traffic and regular wear and tear.
  2. Cost-Effective: IPS flooring price wise is an affordable option compared to other flooring materials, making it a budget-friendly choice for many.
  3. Versatility: It can be used in various spaces, including residential homes, commercial buildings, offices, showrooms, and industrial areas.
  4. Low Maintenance: IPS flooring is relatively easy to clean and maintain, requiring regular sweeping and occasional damp mopping.
  5. Fire and Moisture Resistance: IPS finish floors are non-absorbent and non-combustible.


Cons of IPS Flooring:

  1. Cold Surface: IPS finish floors tend to retain cold temperatures, making it less comfortable during colder seasons. Using rugs or mats can alleviate this issue.
  2. Installation Skill: Proper installation of IPS flooring requires skilled labour, and DIY installation may result in improper bonding or uneven surfaces.
IPS concrete flooring for a durable foundation - Beautiful Homes

IPS Floor Uses:

1. Residential Spaces:

 IPS flooring is commonly used in living rooms, bedrooms, kitchens, and bathrooms in residential properties.


2. Commercial Areas:

 It is an ideal choice for commercial spaces such as offices, retail stores, restaurants, and hotels due to its durability and cost-effectiveness.


3. Industrial Settings:

 IPS flooring is suitable for factories, warehouses, and industrial areas where heavy machinery and equipment are present.


4. Outdoor Spaces:

 While primarily used indoors, IPS flooring can be applied to outdoor areas with proper installation and sealing.

What is the Cost Rate of IPS Flooring?

The IPS flooring price can vary depending on factors such as the thickness, quality of materials, region, and labour charges. On average, IPS flooring costs range from ₹60 to ₹80 per square foot, including installation expenses. It's advisable to consult local suppliers and contractors for accurate IPS flooring cost information.

Things to Keep in Mind When You Opt for this Material:

  • Professional Installation: Ensure that you hire experienced professionals for the installation to achieve a seamless and long-lasting result.

  • Sealant Application: Consider applying a sealant to the IPS flooring to enhance its stain resistance and durability.

  • Maintenance Practices: Regularly sweep and mop the surface to keep it clean. Promptly clean any spills to prevent staining.

  • Furniture Pads: Use furniture pads to protect the IPS flooring from scratches caused by moving furniture.

  • Rug Usage: Consider using rugs or mats in areas where the floor may feel cold, providing additional comfort and insulation.
IPS cement flooring - Beautiful Homes


FAQs for IPS Flooring

Q: Is IPS flooring durable?

A: Yes, IPS flooring is highly durable and can withstand heavy foot traffic and regular wear and tear.


Q: Can IPS flooring be used for outdoor applications?

A: While primarily used indoors, IPS flooring can be applied to outdoor spaces with proper installation and sealing to protect it from weathering.


Q: How do I clean and maintain IPS flooring?

A: Regular sweeping and occasional damp mopping are sufficient for day-to-day maintenance. Promptly clean spills to prevent staining, and consider using a sealant for added protection.


Q: How long does IPS flooring typically last?

A: With proper installation and maintenance, IPS flooring can last for several decades, providing a long-term flooring solution.


How can Beautiful Homes Help You with the IPS Flooring?

With Beautiful Homes' home interior design services, our team of experienced professionals help you design a home that adds to your life— from choosing the right style to wall treatments, flooring design, lighting, furnishing, decor and more. They will help you make the perfect choice for flooring based on your unique aesthetic, requirements and budget.


Visit our website to browse through our services, products and projects we've executed. Book a consultation call to learn more about the service's process. We currently serve in eight cities: Delhi, Mumbai, Pune, Kolkata, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Bengaluru and Hyderabad, and select pin codes of Coimbatore.      

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